8 Important women for science and technology

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If you type “famous scientists” into Google’s image search, you’ll see a series of very similar faces, predominantly white and male. In the history of science and technology, women seem to be a minority and little known. What you probably don’t know is that there were – and there are – many important women who have made and are making their careers in science, contributing to the world of technology. These important women have changed the world with their work and we don’t want their memories to fade.

With that in mind, we decided to introduce you to 8 important women in the world of science and technology. Check it out below!

ADA Lovelace

ada lovelace

Ada Lovelace, also known as Countess of Lovelace, was an English mathematician who lived in the 18th century and is known as the founder of scientific computing. It was she who, along with fellow mathematician Charles Babbage, helped give life to the first analytical machine in history.

Ada had contact with science from an early age, her mother was a math teacher and saw the importance of teaching science to children.

Ada Lovelace helped Babbage in the process of creating the machine and wrote the algorithm for the machine to process between 1842 and 1843. She was, therefore, the first programmer in history.

Ada Lovelace Day is celebrated annually on the second Tuesday of October, with the aim of remembering important women in the field of mathematics, science and technology, supporting other women to follow this path.

Sofia Kovalevskaya

Sofia Kovalevskaya

Sofia Kovalevskaya, a Russian mathematician who fought for the evolution of science and women’s rights, was the first woman to be nominated for the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Since childhood, she showed interest in mathematics and science but was prevented from continuing her studies at a university in Russia. In 1867 she married and moved to Germany, where she devoted herself to the study of mathematics.

As a woman, she was not even allowed to be a listening student at the University of Berlin, but the professor and analyst Karl Weierstrass guided Sofia on her own initiative.

Sofia stood out and was one of the important women in mathematics. His greatest contributions were the theory of differential equations and partial derivatives.

 

Grace Hopper

Grace Hopper

Grace Hopper was born in 1906 and lived her peak in science in the 40s and 50s.

Since childhood, he showed a lot of interest in science and the way things work. At the age of 7 he dismantled all the clocks in the house to understand how they worked.

She was an officer in the US Navy and created one of the first computer programming languages, COBOL. It is recognized worldwide for being the first person to program a large-scale digital computer.

It was Grace who used the terms “bug” and “debugs” to talk about fixing computer errors that are still used today. She was known for saying, “the most dangerous phrase to say is: we’ve always done it this way”

Grace Hopper was the first woman to receive a PhD in Mathematics from Yale University and is one of the world’s leading women of programming.

Hedy Lamarr

Important Women: Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr was known for her talent on the movie screen, even being called the most beautiful woman in the world. However, many do not know that she was also a researcher, with great interest in mathematics and an inventor. She was responsible for creating what is now known as “frequency hopping”, a process that sends radio signals from different frequency channels.

During World War II, he worked in research for the United States Armed Forces, enabling advances in the area of ​​mobile communications. The idea was to send radio signals to underwater torpedoes without being detected by enemies.

In 2015, when she would turn 101, Google paid homage to Hedy with a doodle and a YouTube video. See below the video created by Google about Hedy:

Nowadays we are able to use Wi-Fi and Bluetooth because of an idea that came out 70 years ago.

Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock

A leader in genetic research, McClintock used corn to develop an understanding of transposition, that is, the idea that genes are responsible for physical traits. She is considered one of the most important figures in genetics, along with Gregor Mendel and Thomas Morgan, but has the lesser known name.

Unrecognized for years, she received the Nobel Prize for Medicine only in 1983, at age 81.

Radia Perlman

Important Women: Radia Perlman

Radia Perlman is an American computer scientist known also as the “Mother of the Internet” . She is a programmer, graduated from MIT in the United States and was one of the only women in her class, becoming an advocate for increasing the number of women in the technology market.

It was she who created the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP), an Internet language used for one computer to communicate with another. In other words, we owe Perlman the ability to visit our favorite sites every day.

Radia bets on the simplicity of things and believes that designed devices should be as practical as possible.

Susan Kare

Susan Kare

One of Apple’s success factors is design. With a pleasant look, it became one of the synonyms in consumer dreams in the world. Did you know that it was a woman, Susan Kare, who led Apple’s graphic design team during the 1980s? She was responsible for redesigning the Mac and creating several icons and fonts that we know today, revolutionizing the combination of design and technology.

Susan Kare is an illustrator, graphic designer and painter. She was responsible for many of the fonts and icons used on the Mac. After leaving Apple, Kare continued to create graphics that we know today as the deck of cards for the Solitaire game from Microsoft, PayPal, Facebook and Digg.

Marissa Mayer

 Important Women: Marissa Mayer

Marissa Mayer was Google’s first engineer. His work on Google Maps, Google Books, Google Images and Gmail helped build the company that became the number 1 search company in the world.

Google search engine

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